According to Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, there are three domains of educational activities:
- Cognitive (Knowledge)
- Affective (Attitude)
- Psychomotor (Skills)
In his book Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals (1956), Bloom describes the cognitive domain as involving
“knowledge and the development of intellectual skills. This includes the recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual abilities and skills.”
There are six levels to the cognitive domain, shown here in The Blooms Wheel.
The six levels are as follows:
- Knowledge – The ability to recall information
- Comprehension – The ability to understand the meaning or interpretation of a problem
- Application – The application of what was learned
- Analysis – The ability to examine information by identifying motives or causes
- Synthesis – The ability to bring all the information together in a new or different way. Finding an alternative solution
- Evaluation – The ability to present defined opinions by making rational and logical judgements based on the information found
Knowledge – Select, label, list, identify, name, locate, define, recite, describe, state, memorise, recognise.
Comprehension – Match, explain, restate, defend, paraphrase, distinguish, rewrite, summarise, give examples, interrelate, interpret, illustrate, extend.
Application – Organise, sketch, generalise, apply, prepare, draw, produce, show, choose, paint.
Analysis – Compare, differentiate, analyse, subdivide, classify, infer, point out, survey, distinguish, select, categorise, prioritise.
Synthesis – Compose, construct, originate, produce, hypothesise, plan, develop, create, design, invent, combine, organise.
Evaluation – Judge, consider, relate, critique, weight, recommend, criticise, summarise, support, appraise, evaluate, compare.
The six levels can also be known as:
Sources: Image (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/24/Blooms_rose.svg/659px-Blooms_rose.svg.png), Blooms taxonomy – http://www.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/Bloom/blooms_taxonomy.htm
Taxonomy of educational objectives: the classification of educational goals – Benjamin Bloom (1956)
Blooms taxonomy of learning domains – http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html